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Efficacy and Safety of an mRNA-Based RSV PreF Vaccine in Older Adults




Eleanor Wilson, M.D., Jaya Goswami, M.D., Abdullah H. Baqui, M.B., B.S., M.P.H., Dr.P.H., Pablo A. Doreski, M.D., Gonzalo Perez-Marc, M.D., Khalequ Zaman, M.B., B.S., Ph.D., Jorge Monroy, M.D., Christopher J.A. Duncan, M.B., Ch.B., D.Phil., Mugen Ujiie, M.D., M.T.M., Ph.D., Mika Rämet, M.D., Ph.D., Lina Pérez-Breva, M.D., Ph.D., Ann R. Falsey, M.D., et al., for the ConquerRSV Study Group*


Abstract

BACKGROUND

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can cause substantial morbidity and mortality among older adults. An mRNA-based RSV vaccine, mRNA-1345, encoding the stabilized RSV prefusion F glycoprotein, is under clinical investigation.


METHODS

In this ongoing, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2–3 trial, we randomly assigned, in a 1:1 ratio, adults 60 years of age or older to receive one dose of mRNA-1345 (50 μg) or placebo. The two primary efficacy end points were the prevention of RSV-associated lower respiratory tract disease with at least two signs or symptoms and with at least three signs or symptoms. A key secondary efficacy end point was the prevention of RSV-associated acute respiratory disease. Safety was also assessed.


RESULTS

Overall, 35,541 participants were assigned to receive the mRNA-1345 vaccine (17,793 participants) or placebo (17,748). The median follow-up was 112 days (range, 1 to 379). The primary analyses were conducted when at least 50% of the anticipated cases of RSV-associated lower respiratory tract disease had occurred. Vaccine efficacy was 83.7% (95.88% confidence interval [CI], 66.0 to 92.2) against RSV-associated lower respiratory tract disease with at least two signs or symptoms and 82.4% (96.36% CI, 34.8 to 95.3) against the disease with at least three signs or symptoms. Vaccine efficacy was 68.4% (95% CI, 50.9 to 79.7) against RSV-associated acute respiratory disease. Protection was observed against both RSV subtypes (A and B) and was generally consistent across subgroups defined according to age and coexisting conditions. Participants in the mRNA-1345 group had a higher incidence than those in the placebo group of solicited local adverse reactions (58.7% vs. 16.2%) and of systemic adverse reactions (47.7% vs. 32.9%); most reactions were mild to moderate in severity and were transient. Serious adverse events occurred in 2.8% of the participants in each trial group.


CONCLUSIONS

A single dose of the mRNA-1345 vaccine resulted in no evident safety concerns and led to a lower incidence of RSV-associated lower respiratory tract disease and of RSV-associated acute respiratory disease than placebo among adults 60 years of age or older. (Funded by Moderna; ConquerRSV ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT05127434. opens in new tab.)

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